sapa vietnam trekking tour

 

 

Sapa Vietnam Travel Guide

We list all of the most interesting places, peoples, foods, ... for Sapa Vietnam as below:

Lao Cai province: Located in North-West Vietnam, Lao Cai is surrounded by Yunna (China) on the north, Lai Chau Province on the west, Ha Giang Province on the east and Yen Bai, Son La provinces on the south.
Sapa Town: Sa Pa Town or Sapa District is located in Lao Cai Province, north-west Vietnam, and 350 km north-west of Hanoi, close to the border with China. Sapa is famous both for its fine, rugged scenery and for its rich cultural diversity. French used to consider Sapa as Summer Capital of Northern Vietnam in the early decades of the 20thcentury. Its naturally gifted beauty keeps attracting more and more people to spend their vacation there since then. Particularly, the place is the foremost choice for honeymoon couples!
Sapa People: The population of the Lao Cai province is a mosaic of ethnic groups.An incredible variety of peoples, some of them unique to Vietnam, arefound on a relatively small area. 
In fact, visitors can meet 24 ethnic groups, each with its ownlanguage, culture and traditions. This cultural wealth is explained bythe diversity of landscapes and of land available for farming. Historyalso offers clues as to why the highlands in the Lào Cai province servedas a refuge for certain ethnic groups during political unrest like the Taiping rebellion in 19th-century China.
The seven most numerous ethnic groups in the Lào Cai province accountfor over 90% of the whole population. The following groups are found:the Kinh (the true Vietnamese) 35%, the Hmong 22%, the Tay 14%, the Dao(Mien) 13%, the Thai 9%, the Nung 4.5% and the Giay 4.3%. The otherethnic groups: the Phula, Hani, Latis, Tu Di, Pin Tao, Tu Lao, Pa Di,Sapho, Lolo and the Xa Mang are sometimes represented only by a fewvillages and a few hundred individuals.
The H'Mong Minority: The main subgroups present in Vietnam are the White Hmong, the HmongLeng, Hmong Pua, Hmong Shi or Sheu and the black Hmong. In Sa Pa, theHmong Leng are the most numerous, some Hmong Sheu and Hmong Pe women –with their colorful skirts and double-breasted tops – come from theMuong Khuong district. Today, the traditional agrarian economy is still based on familyfarms raising pigs, chickens, buffaloes and horses, on food crops (rice,corn, manioc) and cash crops (cardamom and vegetables).
The traditional social organization of the Hmong is based on theclan. Each clan is made of lineages, all the members of whichacknowledge a common founding male ancestor. In the Hmong household, upto four different generations may be gathered under the same roof. Thehousehold is the most important economic, political and ritual unit. Thevillages perched on the mountain slopes house several clans.
Easily recognizable by their costume, the Sa Pa Hmong Leng – who donot call themselves Black Hmongs – still wear hemp clothes dyed withnatural (black-blue) indigo. The women wear stiff indigo-blue turbansover their hair gathered into a bun. Nowadays, they hardly ever weartheir batik or embroidered pleated skirts, replaced with short indigopants. Only the collar, sleeves and belt are embroidered with geometricpatterns in silk.
The White Hmong women from the Bat Xat district wear long blackpants, fairly short-waisted double-breasted jackets, and cover theirhair with colourful head scarves.
The Hmong Pua, Hmong Pe and Hmong Sheu women from the Bac Ha districtwear similar batik skirts with an embroidered band. They aredistinguished by the decorative patterns and shape of their aprons

The Dao Minority: The Dao, known as the Man or Yao in south-west China for centuries,also number a few tens of thousands in Laos, Thailand and Myanmar(formerly Burma).
Like the Hmong, the Dao build terraced paddy-fields irrigated by asophisticated system of canals around Sa Pa. They also have a reputationfor pig and horse breeding.
The different Dao groups from the Lao Cai province usually wear redheaddresses or red pieces of clothing. The Dao (Ké Mien) from the Taphinand Tavan villages (Sa Pa district) wear flat headdresses, totally red,hung with silver coins. The headdresses of the Dao (Ké Mien) from MuongHum district (north of Sa Pa) are cone-shaped and made of red flowerymaterial. The Bac Ha (Ké Moun) Dao enhance their turbans with red andpink wool or silk threads. The headdresses of the Dao (Iu Mien) from VanBan district – south of Sa Pa – are decorated with red and yellowpompoms, and hang low down their backs.
The Tay Minority: The Tày grow rice in paddy fields, preferably in the plains and inthe valleys. The villages consist of wooden or bamboo stilt houses andare often built in the immediate vicinity of a stream or a river. Thehousehold is the basic economic unit and tends to be a nuclear familylimited to close relatives.
The Tày, Giay, Numg and Thai women wear brightly-colored jackets, –pink, green, or blue – double-breasted, often with contrasting braid atthe collar. The tartan headscarf covers their hair gathered into a bun.Traditionally, each group used to have their own style of bun, held upwith long silver needles, but the custom is vanishing.
The Giay Minority: The Giay (pronounced”Zay”) are a relatively small minority group,with a population of around 40,000, living at high altitudes in Lao Cai,Lai Chau and Ha Giang provinces. Traditional Giay society is feudal,with a strict demarcation between the local aristocracy and the peasantclasses. All villagers work the communal lands, living in closely knitvillages of stilt houses. A few Giay women still wear the traditionalstyle of dress, distinguished by the highly colored, circular panel sewnaround the collar and a shirt-fastening on the right shoulder: the shirtitself is often of bright green, pink or blue. On formal occasions,women may also wear a chequered turban.
Sapa Market: Sapa market located at the center of Sapa town and and is opened every day. But it is most crowded on Saturday late afternoon and evening. Sapa market located at the center of Sapa town and and is opened every day. But it is most crowded on Saturday late afternoon and evening.
Ham Rong Mountain: Ham Rong Mountain is an attractive tourist area in the center of Sapa Townlet. Location In center of Sapa Townlet, Sapa District, Lao Cai District; 33km from Lao Cai City. Ham Rong Mountain is an attractive tourist area in the center of Sapa Townlet.  
Cat Cat village: This is an age-old village of H'Mong ethnic group remaining unique customs and practices that are lots in other villages. Location: Cat Cat Village is 2km from Sapa Townlet, Sapa District. This is an age-old village of H'Mong ethnic group remaining unique customs and practices that are lots in other villages. 
Lao Chai Village: About 8 – 9 Km southeast of Sapa town on the west bank of Muong Hoa River, Lao Chai is a commune composed by three large villages with over 100 families of the Black H’mong ethnic.
Ta Van Village: Ta Van is a small village set within a picturesque valley of Muong Hoa . A night stay here will give you a close-up experience of the life-style and culture typical of the area. Ta Van is a small village set within a picturesque valley of Muong Hoa . A night stay here will give you a close-up experience of the life-style and culture typical of the area.
Sin Chai Village: is a village of the Red Dao ethnic people, whose women wear beautifully embroidered clothes with distinctive silver jewelry and an enormous red turban. Located at the foot of Fansipan Mountain, 'the roof of Vietnam and Indochina' is Sin Chai village, about 30 kilometers trekking from Sapa town
Giang Ta Chai village: Comming here, you will visit a beautiful waterfall, rattan bridge and you will see the amazing scenery of this remote village. Giang Ta Chai village is home to the Red Dzao who wear plain black trousers and a long black tunic with embroidered cuffs and lapels. To trek to Giang Ta Chai, youwillset off on an 18km trek through terraced rice paddies, bamboo forest and stunning waterfalls.
Ban Ho Village: Ban Ho Village, home to the Tay minorities and perhaps the most picturesque of the whole challenge. This vilalge is populated by the Tay minority. They were very welcoming and friendly towards people. Ban Ho Village, perhaps the most picturesque of the whole challenge. 
Ta Phin village: of the H'Mong and Red Dao minority people, a remote village around 12 kilometers from Sapa which still retains traditional customs and lifestyles of ethnic minority groups.
Fansipan Mountain peak: Fansipan is branded "the Roof of Indochina" at the height of 3,143m; Fansipan is to be approved as one of the very few eco-tourist spots of Vietnam, with about 2,024 floral varieties and 327 faunal species. The topography of Fansipan is varied. Muong Hoa Valley, at the lowest altitude (950-1,000m), is created by a narrow strip of land at the base on the east side of the mountain.
Muong Hoa valley: is famous for breathtaking scenery and is the largest farmland for rice growing in Sapa district. Starting as a small stream of water from the foot of Silver Waterfall about 14 Km northwest of Sapa town, weaving its way along mountains’ feet southeast between the two mountain ranges. About eight kilometers southeast of Sapa town, the two mountain ranges open wider to form the Muong Hoa Valley which get wider and wider as it goes further south about 30 km. The Muong Hoa valley is famous for breathtaking scenery and is the largest farmland for rice growing in Sapa district.
Sapa Love Market: Sapa is also famous for love market, which takes place on saturday evenings. The love market of Sapa used to be the place to find a partner to get married. The love market of Sapa used to be the place to find a partner to get married. With the tourism, the real love market does not take place anymore. Currently you can only see a representation of the love market. Do not miss it anyway if you are staying here a Saturday night.
Sapa Ancient Rock Field: is between the terraced rice paddies of ethnic minority groups. The first exploration research, in 1925, recorded that there were 200 stones of various dimensions concentrated in the area
Bac Ha Market: Visitors to Bac Ha are opportune to understand the local traditions and customs, taste local specialties, meet nice people and know a land code-named: white plateau
Can Cau Market - which is regularly held every Saturday - is one of the most popular ethnic markets for many tourists coming to Sapa. Visiting this market will keep in your mind an unforgettable impression of a high-mountainous region.
Coc Ly Market: is the most fresh and unspoiled market of the region , on a bank of the Chay River inhabited by the Flower H'mong Minority people. The Flower H'mong traditionally wear a distinctive and bright coloured costume. They are a gentle, softly spoken people who live in the steep mountainous country close to the Chinese border. Because Coc Ly is more remote than Sapa, the dress and way of life is more traditional than in the large centers. 
Muong Hum Market: is a large and important market in the northwest region of Lao Cai Province. Very different from Bac Ha and Sapa market which lye inside the district townships, Muong Hum Market is set on open flat land at the bottom of a large and scenic valley by a small river and surrounded by terraced rice paddies.
Lung Khau Nhin market: which is almost untouched by the modern life with beautiful scenery, with Pine Tree forests and villages surrounding the tiny market. Every Thursday, Lung Khau Nhin market will offer you a great opportunity to meet the Nung, Flower H’mong, Black Dao, Tu Di and Giay minorities.
Cao Son Market: is located on the territory Cao Son Commune, Muong Khuong district, Lao Cai province. Upstream the Chay River about 25 km to the north of Coc Ly market, near Chinese border, the remote Cao Son market is simply set in a fascinating nature and surrounded mountains which covered by lush plantation and terraced rice paddies and cornfields.
Pha Long Market: is an extremely remote market located over 100 km to the northeast of Sapa and only 3 km to Vietnam/China border. There are lots of traditional houses with baked earth tiled roofs.
   

Sapa Vietnam's Foods: Sapa, Vietnam – Although the food options in Sapa aren’t as varied or thrilling as the landscape, the town market is always a good standby for decent, honest food. Most of the vendors there are selling pho (noodle soup) with chicken or chicken with rice. After a half-day trek (read: walk) through some local villages, I headed to the market for lunch. The bowl I had, in the back of the eating section, was clear and clean, with hefty chunks of shredded chicken and a good sprinkling of chopped scallions. A small spoonful of chile vinegar and a hard squeeze of lime lifted up the entire bowl.

     

For any further information, please kindly contact Sapa Vietnam Team. Thanks!

 

Copyright 2010 @ Sapa Vietnam